Major Points Of Dental Education

Dentistry is the branch of medicine which deals with the study of the anatomy and development of teeth as well as maxillofacial area and the adjacent, and associated structures, various diseases and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, and their influence on the human body. Thus, dentistry also studies prevention methods. Dentistry is widely considered to be greatly necessary for the whole health. Professionals practicing dentistry are known as dentists. The other professionals involved in this branch of medicine are dental assistants, dental therapists, dental hygienists and dental technicians. They form the dentist's supporting team that aides in providing oral health services.

Dentistry has developed during ages and has great history. There is an evidence of dentistry which proves that this branch of study was practiced as far back as 7000 BC. The earliest form of dentistry was represented with curing tooth related disorders with bow drills operated by skilled bead craftsmen. Although there were no dentists at that time yet, the early form of dentistry proved to be rather reliable and effective. The writings dating back to 5000 BC describe some "tooth worm" that caused of dental caries. Ancient India, Egypt, Japan, and China have the evidence of this belief as well. During the Middle Ages and up to the 19th century, dentistry was not a profession as it is. Dental procedures were carried out by barbers and general physicians. The procedures of extracting teeth were accompanied with great pain and followed with chronic tooth infection. Pierre Fauchard, the French physician, is considered to be "the father of modern dentistry" who in the 17th century started dentistry science as we know it today. Among his developments were dental fillings as a treatment for dental caries, the extensive use of dental prosthesis, the statement that sugar derivative acids such as tartaric acid are responsible for dental decay.

The first dental school was opened in 1840. It was the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery. This school is located in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. In 1867, the second dental institute, Harvard Dental School was founded.

In order to become a qualified dentist a student must complete his/her graduation and get a degree in either Bachelor of Dentistry (BDent), Bachelor of Dental Surgery/Chirurgiae (BDS/BChD) , Bachelor of Dental Science (BDSc), Doctor of Dental Medicine (DMD), Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS). In most of the western countries, a person must successfully complete at least 4 years of post graduation in the related field in order to become a dentist. In the countries of the European Union, the eligibility for a future dentist is at least 5 years of education. In 2008, there were 57 dental schools in the United States, all of which were accredited by the American Dental Association's (ADA's) Commission on Dental Accreditation. Dental schools require a minimum of 2 years of college-level predental education. Most dental students have at least a bachelor's degree before entering dental school, although a few applicants are accepted to dental school after 2 or 3 years of college. They have an opportunity to complete their bachelor's degree while attending dental school.

So, future dentists should have about 5-8 years of the post secondary educationbefore beginning practice. Nevertheless, many dentists enter the field of dental healthcare on completion of their internship and getting the dental degree. There exist around 9 recognized specialties in the field of dental care in the U.S. A person should train in the advanced or residency graduate programs to get any of them. The student receives a Doctor's Degree is granted certificate for practicing in that field legally.

Nowadays, about 3 out of 4 dentists are solo practitioners. Employment of dentists is expected to grow by 16 percent through 2018, which is faster than the average for all occupations. The demand for dental services is also expected to increase. The U.S. population is growing, and the elderly segment of the population is growing even faster. These phenomena are sure to increase the demand for dental care. Many members of the baby-boom generation will need complicated dental work. In addition, elderly people tend to retain their teeth than did their predecessors, so they will require much more care than in the past.

It should be mentioned that many of the specialty programs have optional or mandatory advanced masters, medical and doctoral degrees. Study the list of different branches of study in dental education:

Prosthodontics
Periodontics
Endodontics
Pediatric dentistry
Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology / Radiology / Surgery
Dental public health
Here are the specialist branches of study in dentistry:
Oral Biology
Geriatric dentistry
Special needs dentistry
Aviation dentistry
Dental anesthesiology
Forensic odontology
Veterinary dentistry